Glossary of Terms
Assistive Technology (AT)
Technology designed to be utilized in an assistive technology device or assistive
Assistive Technology Device
Any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially,
modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve functional
capabilities of individuals with disabilities.
The process of breaking down or decompose rapidly under natural conditions
in which organizations facilitate the transfer of a device from a consumer
who does not need the device to a consumer who could use the device without the
organization taking possession of the device at any time.
in which an organization accepts devices from donors and stores them until
they can be given or sold to new owners.
in which an organization takes the additional step of repairing or restoring
used devices to original manufacturer specifications before giving or selling the
device to a new owner.
in which an organization alters or enhances devices before giving or selling
the device to a new owner.
in which an organization accepts devices from donors and breaks the devices
down into component pieces for recycling and disposal.
Those in which pre-owned devices are accepted (usually by donation) into
an inventory, are repaired or refurbished as needed, and then offered for sale,
loan or give away to consumers as recycled products.
Durable Medical Equipment (DME)
This includes mobility devices and other medical equipment, as well as
assistive technology devices.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
A federal agency in the Department of Health and Human Services established
to regulate the release of new foods and health-related products. The FDA is responsible
for protecting the public health by assuring the safety, efficacy, and security
of human and veterinary drugs, biological products, medical devices, our nation’s
food supply, cosmetics, and products that emit radiation. The FDA is also responsible
for advancing the public health by helping to speed innovations that make medicines
and foods more effective, safer, and more affordable; and helping the public get
the accurate, science-based information they need to use medicines and foods to
improve their health.
Waste materials that when improperly managed may cause or significantly
contribute to serious illness or death or that may pose a substantial threat to
human health or the environment.
A method of solid waste disposal in which refuse such as paper, glass,
and metal are buried between layers of dirt so as to fill in or reclaim low-lying
Municipal Solid Waste
Garbage or refuse that is generated by households, commercial establishments,
industrial offices or lunchrooms and sludges not regulated as a residual or hazardous
waste. This does not include source-separated recyclables.
Reprocessing of materials into new products.
Similar to reassignment, but in addition the program restores AT to its
original configuration, which may include repairing and replacing parts.
Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America
Purpose is to improve the potential of people with disabilities to achieve
their goals through the use of technology by promoting research, development, education,
advocacy and provision of technology; and by supporting the people engaged in these
Rehab Services Administration (RSA)
Oversees formula and discretionary grant programs that help individuals
with physical or mental disabilities to obtain employment and live more independently
through the provision of such supports as counseling, medical and psychological
services, job training and other individualized services. In addition, RSA is responsible
for advising the Assistant Secretary of the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative
Services (OSERS) and the Secretary of Education on the formulation, development,
implementation and review of other policies and legislation affecting individuals
with disabilities. RSA acts as an advocate to assure the rights of individuals with
disabilities, serves as a resource and clearinghouse of information for service
providers at national, regional, state and local levels in the development of national
programs to reduce or eliminate social and environmental barriers experienced by
persons with disabilities, establishes standards for determining who are individuals
with disabilities for purposes of RSA program eligibility and provides leadership
in assuring that all categories of individuals with disabilities receive equitable
consideration for access to services.
Similar to refurbishing, but strips and builds AT to new configuration
other than original manufacturer specification. (NOT Recommended)
...Exchange programs involve connecting an individual with a used device
and an individual who needs a device. They often take the form of "want ads" or
are similar to "e-bay." In a device exchange, the current owner of the device and
prospective recipient of the device negotiate the terms of exchanging the device
directly. The program sponsor serves only as a central venue for connecting individuals,
not as a middleman. http://www.resna.org/atreuse/definitions.html
...Recycling programs involve the intake of used devices (usually through donation)
by the program sponsor. Generally, the sponsor is responsible for device storage
and redistribution. It differs from refurbishment in that devices are generally
redistributed "as is" or with only minor work such as cleaning.
...Refurbishment programs involve the intake and repair or customization of used
devices. Generally, the sponsor is responsible for device storage, repair, and redistribution.
A landfill that has been designed and engineered to accept municipal waste
while ensuring minimal negative impact upon the environment.
To free from dirt, germs, etc., as by cleaning or sterilizing.
The process of making something sanitary, as by cleaning or disinfecting.
Technical Assistance (TA)
A variety of services provided to consumers, other state and local agencies
and other entities.
Decreasing the amount of waste at its source.
- Oklahoma Able Tech www.ok.gov/abletech
- Assistive Technology Act of 1998
- Food and Drug Administration (FDA) www.fda.gov
This page last updated July 3, 2008